What man helped Texas become independent and what number was Texas to join the Union?
Stephen F Austin,Judge Edwin Waller(1800-1881) along with 17 others in 1836 and that is how it became the Lone Star Republic.
Northwest of Houston is an area named Waller Texas to honor Judge Waller.
Edwin Waller - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Judge Edwin Waller (November 4, 1800 – January 3, 1881) was an entrepreneur, signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, the first mayor of Austin, ...
Number 28 Texas
Monday, December 29, 1845 Republic of Texas
What qualities did Stephen F. Austin have that made him an effective leader?
He have many good quality which useful for make effective leader. Can include:
Educated - University graduate (Kentucky) - studied law (New Orleans)
Politically aware - member of the Missouri territorial legislature
Management experience - father's lead mine
Business experience - operated a general store
Maturity - Even as a young man Austin was recognized for his maturity and leadership abilities. He was adjutant of a local militia battalion and was a member of the Missouri territorial legislature.
Cautious - known as a voice of caution in dealing with the Mexican authorities, as opposed to other empresarios who took a defiant stance.
Stephen F. Austin University is a perfectly decent regional public university in Nacadoches, Texas.
You can get a fine education there. Just avoid the people who complain a lot and you will enjoy an excellent college experience.
They admit about 65% of applicants.
Here is a summary of the middle 50% who were admitted last year:
If you fall within these ranges, you are probably okay for admission.
What difference did Stephen F. Austin make in Texas history?
Austin led the first 300 American settlers into Texas in 1821. He founded the organization that would later become the Texas Rangers. He introduced the first Texas Constitution in 1827. Austin served as the first Secretary of State of the Republic of Texas.
Is Texas State or Stephen F. Austin better for an Education major?
Well I'm not college whiz but I heard from my speech teacher that Stephen F. Austin is very quiet and not much goes around. So if you are looking into this type of atmosphere then this is your place because if it isn't then you are in for the 4 worst years of your life. So my speech teacher said....
Stephen F. Austin gave an initial grant to three hundred families,(the "Old 300").in 1821. He opened up Texas to a flood of American immigrants, as many as 30,000 by the time of the Texas Revolution in 1835. This colonial period that brought Anglo and African settlers from the United States into contact
Established first legal American settlement in Texas in 1822
Created centers of power in the region that competed with the Mexican government
Recruited many American immigrants to Texas
www.Wikipedia.org may help also
How did Stephen Austin convince 300 families to move to Texas?
Stephan F. Austin was a personable, charismatic man. He persuaded Americans that the terms laid out by the Mexicans, like Spanish language government and official papers, or the requirement that all immigrants be Catholics had more wiggle room than it would seem. In some cases, they did.
They were promised up to a league and a labor of land, and freedom from taxes for 6 years.
explain the relationship between stephen f. austin , the alamo, and sam houston?
austin and houston fought in the alamo, defending against the mexican army. austin however, lead the battle and houston was an important general.
both austin and houston have cities in TX names after them
Is Stephen F. Austin High School in Texas a good school?
It's ok not as good as clements or elkins but it's good. I asked a question on answers that no body answered. Click on my name and i have a question about a high school i'm planning to go to. It's in the same district Stephen F austin hs is in. You can have your sis to answer it. answer Afah As fast as hell
Should i stay at Stephen F Austin or go to University of Texas for my masters degree?
UT Austin is a good school for graduate studies. Your cost of living will be higher in Austin than Nacodoches so that should be a consideration.
Remember, that your life partner will be 90% of your happiness or misery so as long as she's happy you'll be happy too.
Is Stephen F. Austin State University a good school to go to for pre-med?
I haven't heard of that school and don't see it on any of the "best pre-med schools" lists.
Your application to medical school is based upon your GPA, MCAT, letters of recommendation, extracurricular activities, personal statement, interview, and a host of other factors. Your application—and all of the things that make it up—are solely you’re doing. Granted, if you go to a university with grade inflation, your GPA will naturally be higher than other students’; however, you still must work hard to become a competitive applicant.
That said, we should not discount undergraduate institutions entirely. The American Association of Medical Colleges keeps a list of which undergraduate universities applicants attended the year that they applied for medical school. According to their data, the five universities responsible for having the most applicants in the United States are:
1. University of California at Los Angeles
2. University of California at Berkeley
3. University of Texas at Austin
4. University of Michigan at Ann Arbor
5. University of Florida
In a way, these programs send so many students to medical school every year that their pre-med offices are very familiar with the application process. If nothing else, going to one of these universities—or to any place that is affiliated with a medical school—can help a person in so far as preparing him/her for the road ahead. Many of these programs have staff that are very experienced with the cumbersome medical school application process. Going to a small liberal arts college might very well make you the only pre-med on campus.
That’s not to say that if you are a high school student you should base your decision on where to go to college solely upon the number of pre-med applicants getting churned out every year. You should certainly attend the school that is the perfect fit for you, whether it be a large state university with tens of thousands of students or a smaller location where all of the professors and deans know your name. But if you are utterly lost and looking for ideas of where to apply, this list can serve as a good starting point.
What was Stephen F Austin's contribution to the alamo?
Austin (1793-1836) born in Virginia raised in Kentucky. Settled in Missouri. Fell heir to 60,000 acres of land in Texas. Mexican government had an offer for anyone who took it over and got 200 families to settle there would be given the land. He established a trading post there named after him which is now the state capital. He represented the colonizers in Mexico city. When he returned to Austin he took part in the Texas Revolution. He ran for president of the Lone Star Republic, but lost to Sam Houston, who appointed him Secretary of State, a post he held until his death.
If Stephen F Austin rejected me, will Texas State reject me as well?10pts best answer!?
Stephen F Austin did you a favor, as will every other college that rejects you.
Your GPA and SAT are too low to successfully complete a college degree. You will very likely fail and the schools know that.
Better you should start an apprenticeship in some decent trade. When you finish that and get Journeyman papers in ~four years, you can attend college for personal enhancement.
Why was Stephen f. Austin arrested?? What was the aftermath of the arrest?
Short entries on Austin and his father's lives fail to mention any arrest taking place.
Look for histories of the Republic of Texas and Austin's role in that entity alongside bona fide biographies on the life of Austin.
The official website of the City of Austin, Texas may have some biographical information regarding the life of the one after whom it is named.
why did stephen f. austin need a new contract from the mexican government?
Please be more specific, a new land contract? or a new contract about the law of april six? if april six, none of the texas settlers liked the new law so he went to santa anna to change it, it took him forever to answer austin's letters so austin told texas to form its own government, austin was then arrested which leaded to a new protest in Anuahac. sry couldnt be more helpful.
Why was Stephen F. Austin so succselfull as a colonizer?
Stephen F. Austin was mostly successful because Mexico was a mess politically as he established his colony and there were many people in the United States (especially the South) that were concerned that the USA would eventually ban slavery and did not want their "way of life" to come to an end and saw Texas as a place they could move to continue it.
You can log in to this site and determine your chances of getting in:
Contact the Office of Admissions and ask when you can expect to learn whether you are accepted:
Office of Admissions Mailing Address
SFA Box 13051
Nacogdoches, TX 75962
Located in Rusk Building Room 206
Office of Admissions Physical Address
2008 Alumni Drive
Rusk Bldg. Room 206
Nacogdoches, TX 75962
Phone: (936) 468-2504 | Fax: (936) 468-3849
InterContinental Stephen F Austin
Hyatt Regency Austin
Omni Austin Hotel
Holiday Inn Town Lake
Mansion at Judges Hill
Radisson Hotel and Suites Austin
All downtown and fine, fine hotels.
Explain Stephen F. Austin and how he contributes to Texas?
Simply put there would be no Texas today if Stephen F. Austin hadn't reached an agreement with Mexican officials (during their occupancy of the region) to establish a new colony within their province along the Brazos river. He started with 300 families, and those 300 hundred eventually became 30,000 who wanted increased independence from an uncompromising Mexican government. This eventually led to the Texas Revolution and the siege of Bexar, the battles of Gonzales and San Jacinto., the capture of Santa Anna, and the creation of the Texas Constitution.
That is why he is known as the Father of Texas.
Here you go :)
"In December 1836 Austin was in the new capital of Columbia (now known as West Columbia) where he caught a severe cold; his condition worsened. Doctors were called in, but could not help him. Austin died of pneumonia at noon on December 27, 1836, at the home of George B. McKinstry right outside of what is now West Columbia, Texas. Austin's last words were "The independence of Texas is recognized! Don't you see it in the papers?..." Upon hearing of Austin's death, Houston ordered an official statement proclaiming: "The Father of Texas is no more; the first pioneer of the wilderness has departed." Austin's body was re-interred in 1910 in the Texas State Cemetery in Austin, Texas."
a radio/tv degree, sam houston state or stephen f austin?
You can call both universities Sam Houston State Sam Houston State (936) 294-1111 Stephen F. Austin State University, 936.468.2504 --------------------------------------------- Sam Houston State University - Texas (936) 294-1111 | Contact Us
Sam Houston State University
Huntsville, TX 77341-2087
Majors & ProgramsCatalogs
Certificates & Special Programs
College of Arts & Sciences (COAS)
College of Business Administration (COBA)
College of Criminal Justice (CJ)
College of Education (COE)
College of Humanities & Social Sciences (CHSS)
Find Us On FacebookFollow Us On TwitterAsk SammyCampus Events http://www.shsu.edu/academics/ ----------------------- Stephen F. Austin State University, Texas University, College Request more information, and we'll send it your way. You can also contact the Office of Admissions online or call 936.468.2504. Majors and areas of study offered at SFA
■Child and Family Development
■Communication Sciences & Disorders
■Computer Information Systems
■Deaf and Hard of Hearing: Education
■Food, Nutrition and Dietetics
■Forest Recreation Management
■Forest Wildlife Management
■General Home Economics
■Geographic Information Systems
■Latin American Studies
■Orientation & Mobility
■Plant and Soil Science
■Teacher Education EC-6
■Teacher Education 4-8
Texas A&M is a tier one university and is considered a National school. Texas Tech is a regional school, while Stephen F. Austin is a local school. Look at the attached rankings.
Regional schools are known within their region. So in the state of Texas, most employers would know Texas Tech. However, Stephen F. Austin although it would be well known in East Texas, some employers in North Texas may not be familiar with the school. All three schools participate in Division one sports, but A&M and Tech are in the Big 12 and are usually on television for football.
Of course, if you are getting a significant scholarship opportunity to go to one particular college evaluate that school choice accordingly. However, the highest ranked college (Texas A&M) will give you the most options in terms of grad schools and possibly job opportunities. Good Luck.
Stephen F. Austin is above-average for comprehensive general education, and gets a "B" rating from ACTA for this. However, be aware the school has a low graduation rate, 45%, which means many of your lower division classes will be full of slackers and droolers.
Don't count on Law School. Make sure your undergrad degree has good prospects in case you don't make it to Law School.
what was stephen f austin's role in the texas settlement?
Actually, he had contributed a lot to the settlement of Austin Texas. He is regarded as a national hero and is admired by many people.
Wikipedia describes Stephen F. Austin as follows:
“Stephen F. Austin is known as the Father of Texas, and has led the second, but first legal and ultimately successful colonization of the region by bringing 300 families from the United States.”
Austin in the Republic of Texas
“In December 1835 Austin, Branch Archer and William H. Wharton were appointed commissioners to the U.S. by the provisional government of the republic. On June 10, 1836, Austin was in New Orleans when he received word of Santa Anna's defeat by Sam Houston at San Jacinto. Austin returned to Texas to rest at Peach Point in August. On August 4, he announced his candidacy for president of Texas. Austin felt confident he could win the election until with two weeks before the election, on August 20, Houston entered the race. Austin wrote, "Many of the old settlers who are too blind to see or understand their interest will vote for him." Houston would appoint Austin as the first Secretary of State of the new Republic; however, Austin served only around 2 months before his tragic death.”
Austin Craigslist may also have some descriptions and representations about hero Stephen F. Austin. You may check the Craigslist to get some.
How Many Acres of land did Stephen F Austin give to farmers and livestock owners in the old 300?
Taken from http://www.austinold300.org/1041.html "Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred":
"The name 'Old Three Hundred' refers to the settlers who received land grants in Stephen F. Austin's first colony in Mexico. Although not originally enthusiastic about the project, Austin continued the colonization activities after the death of his father, Moses Austin. Therefore, he traveled to San Antonio, where he met with the Spanish governor Antonio María Martínez. The governor acknowledged Stephen F. Austin as his father's successor, allowing the colonization activities to proceed.
Austin agreed with Martínez to be responsible for all administrative task[s] after he arranged for settlers to come to Texas in exchange for land; in payment for his services, Austin would collect 12½ cents an acre in compensation. Austin returned to New Orleans and sought willing colonists and by the end of the summer of 1824 most of the Old Three Hundred were in settled in Texas.
According to the terms of the 1823 Imperial Colonization Law of Mexico, EACH FAMILY ENGAGED IN FARMING WAS TO RECEIVE ON LABOR (ABOUT 177 ACRES) AND EACH RANCHING FAMILY ONE LEAGUE (ABOUT 4,428 ACRES) [emphasis added], for which the family would have to pay the state thirty dollars within six years. An additional caveat was that the land had to be occupied and improved within two years.
Because of the obvious advantages, many of the colonists elected to classify themselves as stock raisers although they were technically farmers. Moreover, because the family was the unit for distribution, Austin permitted unmarried men to receive grants in partnerships, usually in groups of two or three. Between 1824 and 1828, Commissioners Baron de Bastrop and Gaspar Flores issued 297 recognized titles, not 300.
Most of these first Texians were farmers from the South, and many had substantial means before they arrived. Because Austin wanted to avoid problems with his colonists, he generally only accepted those from higher social classes; indeed, only four of the Old Three Hundred grantees were illiterate."
For additional information, please see:
Can someone help me find details on Stephen F Austin's Descendants?
of the many files relating to Stephen Austin on rootsweb, NONE OF THEM show either a wife or children. And there are many files there.
One issue that I am noting.. a file at ancestry.com is not info. It is a file submitted by a person, and UNLESS they have original documents to confirm this.. it is extremely unreliable.
"I'm told he is my ancestor".
Here's the issue.. it is immediately clear that you are trying to shortcut things, and have not followed basic research process. That is.. start your research with yourself.. and go back, ONE GENERATION at a time..and get your documents as you go back. When you do this..you don't wind up spinning your wheels, trying to trace down every child of a person, every grandchild, hoping "maybe" to find the link. In this situation, it seems that there isn't even one child to find.
When you PROVE your parentage, that step is reliable. Proving your grandparents..again, it is reliable, and you know it connects to you. Same with the gr grandparents. This method PREVENTS chasing wrong lines.
Within a short period, you normally can locate your ancestors in the 1880 census.. and 1850. Stephan Austin died in the 1830s.. clearly any child of his would have to be born prior to that.
But.. if you have not documented who your ancestors ARE (from the present on back), you are creating a mess for yourself.
Understand.. you COULD BE RELATED to Austin. In oral history, people often use ancestor when they mean relative. He had a father, Moses Austin, and grandfather.. each of whom had other children. Those children would be relatives. An ancestor is different from a relative. Your grandparents are ancestors (straight back). Your uncles are relatives (you don't descend from an uncle).
Just from my quick search.. there is no evidence of a son, Hugh Austin, at all. There could have been a Hugh Austin. That does not mean his father was Stephan. And.. if you haven't worked the basics, you don't know that YOU are related to Hugh, at all. I have a strong hunch that the file posted, is not backed up by any proven record.
Please.. take our experience, that you cannot do reliable research the way you are trying. If you get your records from you back.. you will find your actual ancestors and who they are really related to.
I found the above message... explains how someone thinks this happened.
The info is clearly incorrect. Here's why.. IF someone wills land etc to someone.. it doesn't matter if there is/isn't a marriage. Any will is completely valid, simply "this is who I want to have my property".
The University of Texas Austin was the first school of the UT system and also one of the first institutions of higher education founded in Texas. It was founded in 1883, after the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in 1876 (This would become Texas A&M University). Therefore, it was at that time it was THE University of Texas (as in the only one) which was naturally located at the state capital, Austin.
Stephen F. Austin State University began as a teaching college in 1923 and was named to honor Texas hero Stephen F. Austin. Coincidently, the town of Austin was also named to reflect this hero. The naming of Stephen F. Austin University has absolutely nothing to do with the city of Austin, nor did Texas "place" it there. Someone wanted to start a university in Nacogdoches and thought that that would be a good name.
The American pioneer Stephen Fuller Austin (1793-1836) was the chief colonizer of Texas. With the exception of Utah, no other state so owes its existence to one man.
Born in Austinville, Wythe County, Va., on Nov. 3, 1793, Stephen Austin moved to Missouri in 1798, where his father, Moses Austin, engaged in lead mining and land speculation. Stephen attended Colchester Academy in Connecticut and Transylvania University in Kentucky before returning home. In Missouri he served in the state legislature from 1814 to 1820, was a director of the Bank of St. Louis and an officer in the state militia, and became active in lead mining, land speculation, and manufacturing.
When the Panic of 1819 bankrupted the family enterprises, Austin moved to Arkansas, where he was appointed a district judge. In August 1820 he moved again, seeking in Louisiana a means of making enough money to repay the family's debts. In New Orleans he read law and worked on a newspaper.
His father died in June 1821, leaving Austin a newly acquired permit to colonize 300 families in Spanish Texas. He traveled to Mexico City in 1822-1823 to secure Mexican recognition of the Spanish grant. This done, he colonized the 300 families, as well as an additional 750 families under subsequent contracts.
Small of stature, lean and wiry, with fine features, thick hair, and brown eyes, Austin was a dignified and reserved man. A bachelor given to self-analysis, he led the Texan colonists by means of his forceful personality and persuasive writings. He mapped and surveyed much of Texas, translated Mexican laws, fixed the land system, and served as civil and military liaison with the Mexican authorities. He also organized the Texan defenses against the Indians.
In 1833 he journeyed to Mexico City to represent the Texan desire for separate statehood. He was arrested on charges of sedition and imprisoned, but never tried. Released in 1835, he returned to Texas, where he joined the faction fighting the dictatorship of Antonio López de Santa Ana. At the outbreak of the fighting, he became commander in chief of the Texan military forces, but in November 1835 he was sent to the United States to seek assistance and, later, recognition of independence.
At the end of the Texas revolution, he reluctantly ran for president of the new republic against the hero of the war, Samuel Houston. Defeated, Austin accepted the position of secretary of state in the Houston administration. He died on Dec. 27, 1836, of pneumonia. His quiet, effective leadership during the years 1821-1836 is recognized in numerous ways in Texas; the capital city, a county, and a college are named in his honor. His statue in the national capitol was placed there by grateful citizens of the Lone Star State.
Eugene C. Barker's standard The Life of Stephen F. Austin (1925) depicts in detail the career of this remarkable colonizer and places him in the context of American history. David M. Vigness, The Revolutionary Decades, 1810-1836 (1965), traces Austin's career in the Texas revolution. Most of the known writings by Austin are contained in Eugene C. Barker, ed., The Austin Papers (3 vols., 1924-1928).
Warren, Betsy, Moses Austin and Stephen F. Austin: a gone to Texas dual biography, Dallas, Tex.: Hendrick-Long Pub. Co., 1996.
Austin, Stephen F. (Stephen Fuller), Fugitive letters, 1829-1836: Stephen F. Austin to David G. Burnet, San Antonio, Tex.: Trinity University Press, 1981.
Did stephen f austin settle his land, in texas, or mexico?
Stephen F. Austin's empressario grants were in Texas, like all empressario grants, although it was a part of Mexico at the time. He had a couple large ones, one on the Gulf Coast with his father Moses, and one in the center of the Blackland prairie region in the center of the state, roughly between the Colorado River and the Brazos.
He had four altogether "covering in general the lands between the Brazos and Colorado Rivers from the Texas Gulf Coast to the Western Cross Timbers."
Who were Stephen F. Austin and Antonio López de Santa Anna?
Stephen F. Austin is known as the father of Texas because he led the first successful colonization of Texas by American settlers. At the time, Texas was sparsely populated and the Mexican government encouraged people to settle there, so long as they obeyed Mexican rules. Eventually though, there were so many rowdy Americans moving to Texas that Mexico couldn't control them all. Meanwhile, Santa Anna was a major Mexican general who helped in Mexico's war for independence from Spain. He later became president, and he personally went to Texas to stop the Texans from rebelling. He led the Mexican forces in the Battle of the Alamo, but he eventually was captured by general Sam Houston at the Battle of San Jacinto, and he was forced to agree to Texan independence. For more information, i'd suggest wikipedia:
(Santa Anna has a link on his page)
What are Stephen F Austins accomplishments starting from 1821?
Stephen Austin (1793-1836), was an American colonizer and pioneer. He began the first American colony in Texas, which was then part of Mexico. He continued the project begun by his father to bring 300 families to settle in Texas. He got permission from Spain and then from Mexico in 1821, when it won its independence from that country. The main settlement was named San Felipe de Austin in his honor. He managed the colony wisely. By 1830 there were over 200,000 Americans living in Texas. When he asked Mexico for a separate government for Texas he was accused of trying to add Texas to the U.S. and was jailed. He returned to Texas in 1835. Austin took command of the Texas army but soon resigned. He went to the U.S. for money and supplies to aid the Texans, As secretary of state for Texas he worked secretly for the American annexation of Texas. But died in 1836, nine years before it occurred. The capitol of Texas, Austin is named for him.
Stephen F. Austin is a great school typical college atmosphere..parties, dorms, cafeterias, many different organizations to get involved with, frats sororities, I actually attended SFA for a year during my undergrad before transferring to UTSA in San Antonio, for me the town was so small the nearest mall was 30 minutes away and not too much going on besides parties every night of the week ...so i transferred but it was a great school great prof. and student life....i just needed a bigger city ...so good luck in making a decision. TXLES
Stephen F. Austin State University is located in Nacogdoches, TX (East Texas about an hour away from the Louisiana border).
SFA is known for its beautiful campus located in the Piney Woods region of Texas. The School of Forestry (hence the Lumberjack mascot) is the highest ranked program in the country. They are also highly regarded for their departments of education, kinesiology, nursing, sociology/gerontology, and business.
The city of Nacogdoches is also the oldest in Texas, so there is quite a bit of unique history in the area.
(born Nov. 3, 1793, Austinville, Va., U.S. — died Dec. 27, 1836, Austin, Texas) U.S. founder of the first legal colony of English-speaking people in Texas when it was still part of Mexico. He was raised in the Missouri Territory and served in its legislature (1814 – 19). The economic panic in 1819 led his father to conceive a plan to colonize Texas on land obtained from the Mexican government. Austin continued the project after his father died (1821) and founded a colony of several hundred families on the Brazos River in 1822. He maintained good relations with the Mexican government. He tried to induce the Mexican government to make Texas a separate state in the Mexican confederation; when this attempt failed, he recommended in 1833 the organization of a state without waiting for the consent of the Mexican congress, and he was imprisoned. Released in 1835, he traveled to the U.S. to secure help when the Texas revolution broke out in October of that year. He is considered one of the state's founders. The city of Austin is named for him.
Here is a good site for information about Stephen F. Austin:
An abbreviated biography and portrait can be found here:
Hope this helps!!
1. known as the Father of Texas, led the second and ultimately successful colonization of the region by bringing 300 families from the United States.
2.Also, Austin organized small, informal armed groups to protect the colonists, which evolved into the Texas Rangers.
3.When Austin was eleven years old, his family sent him to be educated at Bacon Academy in Colchester, Connecticut and then at Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky, from which he graduated in 1810. After graduating, Austin began studying to be a lawyer; at age twenty-one he served in the legislature of the Missouri Territory. As a member of the territorial legislature, he was "influential in obtaining a charter for the struggling Bank of St. Louis."
4. Austin was the first Secretary of State of the new Republic of Texas
5.Austin is remembered in Texas history for his many efforts on behalf of Texas before, during, and immediately after Texas' Revolution with Mexico. His contributions to Texas included: long and perilous pilgrimages to Mexico on behalf of Texas; his unwillingness to counsel his people to take up arms against the Mexican government as long as any hope for peace remained; his firm and decided voice, speaking words of encouragement and hope during the darkest days of the revolution; and his laborious travels in the United States to obtain needed support for his struggling countrymen.
Stephen Fuller Austin (November 3, 1793 – December 27, 1836), known as the "Father of Texas," led the Anglo-American colonization of the region. The city of Austin, Texas and Austin County, Texas are named in his honor. It is ironic that Austin is known as the "Father of Texas," since he certainly never started off with any intention of breaking Texas away from Mexico, though he certainly supported such at the end.
Austin's plan for a colony was thrown into turmoil by the independence of Mexico from Spain in 1821. Governor Martínez informed Austin that the junta instituyente, the new rump congress of the government of Agustín de Iturbide, refused to recognize the land grant authorized by Spain, based on a new policy of using a general immigration law to regulate new settlement in Mexico. Austin traveled to Mexico City and managed to persuade the junta instituyente to authorize the grant to his father, as well as the Law signed by the Spanish Emperor on January 3, 1823. The old Imperial Law offered heads of families a league and a labor of land, 4,605 acres (19 km²), and other inducements. It also provided for the employment of agents, called empresarios, to promote immigration. As empresario, Austin himself was to receive 67,000 acres (270 km²) of land for each 200 families he introduced. According to the law, immigrants were not required to pay fees to the government. This fact soon led some of the immigrants to deny Austin's right to charge them for services at the rate of 12½ cents an acre ($31/km²).
When the Emperor of Mexico, Agustín de Iturbide, abdicated in March 1823, the law was annulled once again. In April 1823, Austin induced the congress to grant him a contract to bring 300 families into Texas. In 1824 the congress passed a new immigration law that allowed the individual states of Mexico to administer public lands and open them to settlement under certain conditions. In March 1825 the legislature of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas passed a law that was similar to the one authorized by Iturbide. The law continued the system of empresarios, as well as granting each married man a league of land, 4,428 acres (18 km²), with the stipulation that he must pay the state thirty dollars within six years.
By late 1825, Austin had brought the first 300 families, now known in Texas history as the Old Three Hundred, to the grant. Austin had obtained further contracts to settle an additional 900 families between 1825 and 1829. He had effective civil and military authority over the settlers, but he was quick to introduce a semblance of American law - the Constitution of Coahuila y Tejas was agreed on in November 1827. Despite his hopes Austin was making little money from his endeavors; the colonists were unwilling to pay for his services as empresario and most of the money gained was spent on the processes of government and other public services.
He was active to promote trade and to secure the good favor of the Mexican authorities, aiding them in the suppression of the Fredonian Rebellion of Haden Edwards. However, with the colonists numbering over 11,000 by 1832 they were becoming less conducive to Austin's cautious leadership, and the Mexican government was also becoming less cooperative - concerned with the growth of the colony and the efforts of the U.S. government to buy the state from them. The Mexican government had attempted to stop further U.S. immigration as early as April 1830, but again the skills of Austin had gained an exemption for his colonies.
The application of the immigration control and the introduction of tariff laws had done much to dissatisfy the colonists, peaking in the Anahuac disturbances. Austin then felt compelled to involve himself in Mexican politics, supporting the upstart Antonio López de Santa Anna. Following the success of Santa Anna the colonists sought a compensatory reward, proclaimed at the Convention of 1832 - resumption of immigration, tariff exemption, separation from Coahuila, and a new state government for Texas. Austin was not in favor of these demands, he considered them ill-timed and tried his hardest to moderate them. When they were repeated and extended at the Convention of 1833, Austin traveled to Mexico City and he did gain certain important reforms, but not a state government. Austin was arrested in January 1834 and charged with insurrection; he was not tried and was finally released, returning to Texas in August 1835. In his absence, a number of events propelled the colonists toward confrontation with Santa Anna's centralist government. After learning of the Disturbances at Anahuac and Velasco in the summer of 1835, an enraged Santa Anna made rapid preparations for the Mexican army to sweep Anglo settlers from Texas. War began in earnest October 1835 at Gonzales. The Republic of Texas, created by a new constitution on 2 March 1836, won independence following a dramatic turnabout victory at the Battle of San Jacinto on 21 April 1836 and the capture of Santa Anna the following morning.
Austin in the Republic of Texas
Austin was appointed commissioner to the U.S. by the provisional government of the republic. He stood for election as President in September 1836 and was defeated by Sam Houston. He was made Secretary of State, but soon fell ill and died. Sam Houston gave a eulogy at Austin's funeral and called him "The Father of Texas," as he has been honored ever since.