What is the weather like in Rome and Terracina in the second half of May?
Here is the average weather temperature for Rome: http://search.weather.yahoo.com/climo/ITXX0067_f.html
Here is the average weather tempratures for Terracina:
Top Rome attractions include:
Roman Forum (Foro Romano)
Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi)
Borghese Gallery (Galleria Borghese)
Campo de' Fiori
Capitoline Museum (Museo Capitolino)
How did the fall of Rome contribute to the establishment of feudalism?
One of the factors in creating feudalism was the freezing of jobs in the later days of the Empire. Because of the economic problems and manpower issues, the later Emperors attempted to put a stop on further economic decline. They did this by freezing professions. People were not allowed to change their jobs or trade; farmers could no longer go to the cities to take up a new job, tanners, carpenters, blacksmiths, and other skilled persons were also forced to remain in their particular trade. Worse, the laws forced their children into the profession of the fathers. So even a youth who might be a skilled artist, or better in working in goldsmithing, had to remain working as a blacksmith. These laws and practice would set up the hereditary nature of Feudal society. In the centuries after the fall of Rome, people would no longer be free to aspire to rise in the world. Peasants were peasants, merchants were merchants, and nobility was nobility. While on occasion an exeptional individual might rise above his station, things were stacked against him. Both secular and religious law were weighed to prevent such situations from rising.
The invasion of the Germanic tribes played their part by solidifying the warriors to the upper ranks of the society. The king and his warriors were the protectors of the tribe. In return, they defended the tribe, and enjoyed the fruit of others' labor. As the two different cultures, Roman and Germanic merged, the foundations of fuedalism were set. The king and royalty at the top of the social scale, the nobility, who were expected to be warriors (this would change later, much as it did in fuedal Japan), then the skilled laborers, and finally the peasants. At the bottom of the heap ended what would become the serfs. Because centuries before their ancestors had the misfortune to be condemned to remain as tillers of the soil, the serfs ended up as slaves owned by the land itself, to be used by whichever lords controlled that land. To change one's status was difficult and dangerous, with the whole system being almost as rigid as the caste system of India.
The most pleasent month is September. July and August can get very hot and June can still be rainy, but not cold.
Rome is quite safe to move around in, just a cautionary step, do not to carry a handbag, but place your valuables in the hotel safe and use a money belt.
The threat is, I am sorry to say, from the high number of gypsy refugees from the Balkan War. I am sorry for them but my records show that they use small children for picking pockets (one small girl of twelve has been arrested 82 yes 82 times).
Otherwise no serious crimes. You can stroll through the streets of the City Centre day and night, lots of security Web cams and Police officers.
It really depends on what the hell you want t o order? Shots can be 5-9 Euros, depends on how much. A bottle of wine can be about 5 euros, and still be good. Bottle of water, depends where you buy, can be 2 euros to 5. beer prices range.
How to travel from Rome to Venice and then to Switzerland?
Actually, train travel here in Italy is stillì relatively cheap compared to many other places. However, it does add up for a large group. There are a couple of things you might want to consider. One is to rent a car to drive - that won't have a per person charge and you could rent the car just for the specific trip. Driving times and directions: http://www.viamichelin.com/
The night train from Rome to Venice is a good option for you: http://www.ferroviedellostato.it/homepage_en.html . The train leaves from the Tiburtina station in Rome at 10:36 pm and arrives in Venice at 5:26 the next morning. Seats are cheaper than the high speed train and right now there's a special promotion for 19 euro (limited number of seats). Rather than sitting, I would recommend getting berths which make it easier to sleep. The standard fare is 60.90 euro per person which is still a little less than the day train. However, if you buy tickets in advance, you can get the same berth for as low as 42.60 euro at the discounted rate for early purchase and the Autumn special promotion has some tickets for 29 euro. Note that with this train, you also do not have to pay for a hotel for the night.
From Venice to Switzerland, you can change trains in Milan to get to various points or there is one train that you can take to Geneva without changes.
How did Rome change from a republic to an empire and why did it collapse?
The Roman Republic's de facto end was in 83 B.C. when Lucius Cornelius Sulla invaded Rome and declared himself "Dictator to rewrite the laws and reform the Republic." This is what set the stage for Caesar's rise to power since, in 60-59 B.C., the First Triumvirate was formed between: Gnaeus Pompeius Maximus (Pompey the Great), Marcus Licinius Crassus and Gaius Julius Caesar. These three men were vying for power between each other; Crassus and Caesar went on military campaigns to expand their influence. However, Crassus died in 53 B.C. in the Middle East and Caesar conquered all of Gaul, which made him ever the more powerful. As a result, in 49-48 B.C., Caesar and Pompey fought it out in civil war, with Pompey being defeated.
This is what set the stage for Caesar to take power. In 48 B.C., Caesar declared himself dictator; in 46 B.C., he declared himself "Dictator Perpetuo"/Dictator Forever. And, naturally, in 44 B.C., Caesar was assassinated.
All of this contributed to the fall of Republic since this allowed Augustus to declare himself emperor in 27 B.C.
There really aren't parallels between Rome & the U.S.
Rome never fell, it just transformed into a Christian Empire, and the falling of the polytheist Roman Empire was in part the result of a society given to luxury and excesses and that relayed too much on slaves.