How do they decide who goes to college football bowl games?

The BCS now controls Division I college football.. And most bowl game participants are determined by how the various teams end up in the standings of their conferences. The bowls have contracted tie-ins with the conferences.
The BCS championship game and the 4 major bowl games are determined by the BCS standings at the end of the regular season. The top 2 teams play in the NC game and the bowls are hosted as follows:
Rose Bowl - Pac-10 Conference-Rose Bowl verses Big Ten Conference
Atlantic Coast Conference-Orange Bowl
Big 12 Conference-Fiesta Bowl
Southeastern Conference-Sugar Bowl
The Big East winner is guaranteed a spot in one of the 4. The other 2 teams are called "at large" and are generally selected from teams in the top 16 of the BCS standings.
The wikipedia link below shows the conference tie-ins and how all the bowl match ups will be done. The contracts allow for some leeway, but they usually stay with the plan.
The second link has projections for bowl match ups this year.

Does the individual NCAA college fb bowl games...?

1st of all its different this year..the National Championship Game is not a bowl game...its Just the National Championship game played in Glendale Az. They will still have the normal bowl games as usual. And yes if they lose their bowl game they will drop in the final BCS standings which will be released after all the Bowl Games and Championship game have been played.

Are There Too Few/Too Many College Bowl Games ...?

I agree bowl teams should be matched up so as not to be overmatched. I like the bowl games. I agree teams that are 6-6 playing each other doesn't represent the best of the game, not that they can't be competitive (ref: Ohio vs Utah St, San Diego St vs LA Lafayette this year).
The real problem I have with reducing the number of bowl games is the competitive advantage it gives to the larger schools. If a team doesn't make a bowl game they are not allowed by the NCAA to practice between the end of the season and the bowl game. This gives the better teams more practice time, thus allowing them more time to develop their players which makes them even better than those they are already better than.
the more teams that make bowls the better the competitive balance in each conference. That said, I would really rather see a NCAA rule change that allows ALL teams to practice the same amount regardless of whether they make a bowl. Then I can support the idea of 6-6 teams not going to bowls.
Even then though, it is still a reward for a team to go to a bowl. It isn't always about winning at the college level so if 6-6 teams got to go to bowls I got no problem with it. Bowls are generally a win-win for the schools and the local communities.

How many college bowl games are there?

There are actually 35 bowl games this year, so they will need 70 bowl eligible teams to fill the slots without inviting 5-win squads.
I'm not sure of the exact number of bowl eligible teams at this moment, but i believe it's in the 60-65 range.

When are college bowl games chosen?

Edit: There used to be an answer above mine that said the bowl teams were decided on Dec 6. Now it is a copy paste of mine. Someone at YA must be trying to sabotage him. Sneaky guys in there are probably playing games on him
Ohio State is in the Rose Bowl. It was secured with the victory over Iowa. They have already accepted that BCS bowl invitation. PAC 10 Rose Bowl team will be finalized when that spot is clinched
There is not a single selection date. Most of the five BCS game teams are decided on Selection Sunday. Other bowls, other days.

How do College Bowl games work out?

There are 34 actual bowls. The best 5 are the BCS games. The #1 and #2 ranked teams play for the BCS Championship, the Rose Bowl gets the Big Ten and Pac 10 champ, the Fiesta Bowl gets the Big 12 champ, the Orange Bowl gets the ACC champ, and the SEC champ goes to the Sugar Bowl. The remaining spots in those 5 go to highly ranked teams that the individual Bowl committees choose. The other 29 bowls select teams through conference affiliations and by the selections of those bowl committees.
Basically, the best of the best have specific spots saved for them, and 60 other good teams get invited by a bowl to play in it.

College bowl games.....?

well the problem is that the bowl games bring in lots of money. also there will be teams that don't get into the bracket that complain they would have won if they had gotten in. a bracket of 12 with the 6 bcs conference winners getting automatic bids, leaving 6 at large bids would probably work. make it like the nfl playoffs and give the top 4 teams a first round bye. this could be based on bcs rankings. to keep profits up still keep the other bowl games. team that don't make the bracket but would normally be bowl eligible still get a bowl game, it just won't mean anything, kinda like it already doens't mean anything. the main problem with getting a bracket is the guy in charge of the big ten. he doesn't want it and he has a lot of power. he's also an assbag.

College bowl games....?

The BCS National Championship game.
Lol, it was hard to resist making a smartass remark about this.
You don't win bowl games to get there, you get invited just like any other bowl. The college football Championship system sucks horrendously, it's basically whichever 2 teams a group of voters and computers want to see play. You usually can't lose more than 1-2 games and you have to win your conference. But a lot of teams might go undefeated, and only 2 can go. It depends on strength of schedule and popularity, really.

College Bowl games????

The next two weekends will determine if this season is meaningful or not. If Ohio State wins out then they will lose to whatever one loss team is thrown at them - I honestly believe that Oklahoma, LSU or Oregon would handily beat OSU in the National Title Game. I really hope it doesn't come to that because I'd rather see the controversy of having a one loss team left out of it. I don't believe that Ohio State will win out though. I believe they will lose to Michigan in the Big House this year. I believe that Michigan, despite it's extremely slow start this year will be able to use the emotional edge of having been dominated lately by Ohio State (Lloyd Carr has had a horrid record against OSU), and their home field advantage, along with the general "craziness" of this year (the year of the upset for sure) to win out at the end of the season. Finishing
I believe that LSU will win out, as will Tennessee, and beat Tennessee in Atlanta. LSU will be number one if OSU loses. Tennessee will be ranked below Georgia, who will be ranked either #6 or #7, (both should both win the remaining games on their schedule) after losing to LSU (very badly) in Atlanta. Georgia will be picked over Tennessee to represent the SEC in the Sugar Bowl. (I admit that this is the one biased point I have in my predictions, I am an avid Georgia I might be wrong on this...Tennessee may go anyway to New Orleans).
I believe that Oklahoma will continue its dominating performance and defeat either Kansas or Missouri (not sure who will win the KU vs. Missouri game) in the Big 12 championship. Oklahoma will be ranked number 3 if OSU loses.
Oregon will win out the Pac-10. I don't see anyone left that can match them in that conference after their victories over ASU and USC. They will rank number 2 at the end of the regular season if OSU loses.
West Virginia will win over Louisville tomorrow and then finish mopping up the Big East, bringing to a close the best year that UConn has had in a while. They will be ranked 4 in the final poll before the bowls.
The ACC, oh how low the conference has fallen. But VT, despite their horrid performance at the beginning of the year at LSU, will finish up the season by sweeping the remainder of their games and winning the Costal Division. BC will fall to Clemson and the ACC championship game will be VT vs. Clemson. VT will take the crown and be ranked in the top ten by seasons end.
Hawaii, if they can beat Boise State (and that is a big if) will secure an automatic berth by virtue of a top 12 ranking.
Final Rankings
#1. LSU (12-1) - Who will show up. The team that lost to Ken-tuck or the team that made Sean Glennon look like a schoolgirl?
#2. Oregon (11-1) - Dixon for Heisman?
#3. Oklahoma (12-1) - Damn they're good...too bad about that Colorado game.
#4. West Virginia (11-1) - Is the Big East all that? But they'll be the last one loss team standing.
#5. Ohio State (11-1) - A heartbreaking loss to Michigan will cause this tumble.
#6. Virginia Tech (11-2) - The ACC champ will finish strong.
#7. Georgia (10-2) - A man can dream of victories over Auburn, Ken-tuck, and GT can't he?
#8. Michigan (10-2) - That victory over OSU will save Lloyd's job and send the senior squad back to the Grand-daddy.
#9. Missouri (11-2) - Mizzu losing to OU won't be a big surprise. The North champion won't be punished for what is a preconceived outcome.
#10. USC (10-2) - Victories over Cal and ASU should bring them back into the top ten.
#11. Kansas (11-1) - A heartbreaking loss to Mizzu will cause this tumble.
#12. Hawaii (12-0) - Another BCS buster to keep things interesting.
National Championship Game - #1 LSU vs. #2 Oregon
Rose Bowl - #8 Michigan vs. #10 USC (A note here - Michigan will go as the Big-10 champ. I believe that the Rose Bowl will pick a classic USC vs. Michigan match up, to sell the tickets and keep the Trojan and Michigan nations glued to the TV set). Prediction - USC beats up on Michigan, causing talk of the Trojans being #1 for next year...again...
Sugar Bowl - #7 Georgia vs. #4 West Virginia (A note here - this pairing is biased...I am a Georgia fan. It might be Tennessee vs. WVU...which would be infinitely less amusing since it is not a rematch of the 2006 Sugar Bowl). Prediction - WVU embarrasses Georgia again...*sigh*
Orange Bowl - #6 VT vs. #5 Ohio State - Prediction - VT wins a squeaker
Fiesta Bowl - #3 Oklahoma vs. #12 Hawaii (A note on this. I believe this will happen for sure....even if OSU wins and Oklahoma is ranked #4. The BCS guys won't put a one loss #4 Oklahoma up against another one loss, or even good two loss team from a major conference. Doing so only gives Oklahoma a chance to beat a really good team and have a real reason to deride the whole system. If Oklahoma beats Hawaii then so what? It gives no added oomph to the argument that the BCS is flawed, and if Hawaii wins so much the better - it gets rid of pesky one loss Oklahoma. And no one seriously thinks an undefeated Hawaii deserves a national title.) Prediction - OU wins handily.
Anyway. It's just my looking into the mirky crystal ball of college football. No disrespect to anybody intended. I know that a lot of Kansas, ASU, OSU, Missouri, and Tennessee fans will disagree with me. But I feel the outcome is, while not assured, certainly possible! Either way, I think OSU loosing and making 4 legitamite one loss conference champions all sitting at 1-4 will be a lot better (in the long run) for college football. It will make the BCS look like a mockery! Why shouldn't WVU and Oklahoma get a shot! I feel LSU has a strong argument for being #1 (or #2 if OSU wins out) and it wouldn't cause as much controversy - which is what we need! Plus if the Big 10 is left out of it (which it needs to be...they are rather weak this year) then there is more chance that the Big 10 (and Pac 10) will relent and fold...we need a playoff people!!!!

College bowl games (bcs)?

The Rose Bowl was the first bowl game (1902 I think). It was sponsored by the Tournament of Roses Association as a way to promote tourism and generate revenue for the city. The game featured Michigan (representing the East) against Stanford (representing the West). The proved to be very successful. Other cities saw the value of hosting a football game and soon "bowl games" were everywhere.
The Term "bowl" comes from the bowl shape of a football stadium.
The point of bowl games is still to promote a city and make money.
Bowl games are usually held well after the regular season is over. This was originally intended to give fans of the participating teams time to travel to the hosting city.
Prior to early 1990s each bowl game operated independently and in direct competition with the other bowl games. Many bowl games would have a conference affiliation such as the Rose Bowl always hosting the Big 10 versus the Pacific 10 or the Sugar Bowl having the SEC champion versus a high profile team. It was commonly accepted that the closer a game was to January 1st the more important or competitive or "bigger" the game would be. Television revenue began to have a huge influence on the bowl games in the late 90s. Bowl committees (the folks that invited teams to the games) were coming under more and more pressure to "lock teams in" before they committed to another bowl game. For example, if Notre Dame had an awesome team and were highly ranked in mid-October the folks at the Sugar Bowl would extend an invitation to try and get the team committed to their bowl first. This got to be a real pain in the neck for the TV networks. Using the previous example, if Notre Dame commits early to the Sugar Bowl and then loses every game in November then fewer people are interested in the game.
Enter The Bowl Coalition: Roy Kramer, the commissioner of the SEC, decided that something needed to be done to take control of this situation. He organized several conferences (ACC, SEC, Big East, and Big 12) into a Bowl Coaltion. The intent was that these conferences would mutually agree on how teams from their conferences would be assigned to bowl games. This would guarantee the value of the games and provide the conferences with leverage when negotiating TV deals (worth many millions of dollars). Things worked out ok and eventually the Pac 10 and Big 10 joined the process. This eventually evolved into the Bowl Championship Series (BCS).
Now you know.