Unfortunately, this is definitely a scam. I received my letter today and was suspicious when I called and received the answering machine. It sounded like a home answering machine and the message was, "Hi, you've reached the office of White Oak Publishing. Please leave a message.." etc. I searched online and found endless pages of people who have been trying to get their books, already paid for, for years. As a test, one man sent in a "poem" that consisted of random lines from a biology article and he received the same letter about his "poem". According to "White Oak", his poem was "special and creative and is made even more meaningful by sharing it with others." Check it all out here:
You're not alone. They've broken the wallets and the hearts of many. Threaten legal action and if you don't get a response, take them to small claims court. That way, you won't have to pay for a lawyer on top of everything. Keep trying. This doesn't mean that your poem isn't worth publishing. It just means that some people will be as cruel as they have to, just to steal your money. Good luck.
have you read We Wear the Mask and Sympathy, by Paul Laurence Dunbar?
They are both about the unfulfilled desire to be fully free to participate in the full spectrum of adventure that life holds. Behind the mask, because in the day and time of its writing it could be a matter of life or death for an African American to let his or her true feelings be known about indignities and abuse suffered. Within the cage, it's the internal conflicts one had seeing, feeling,smelling, tasting the possibilities of life that one is denied by the laws of the land and the brutalities of the lawless of the land to whom the law turned blind eyes.
But still we rise . . .
You're right that this is from Psalm 19. The questions are hard to answer without more context about your teacher and the class you are taking.
Psalm 19 is one of the psalms that calls itself a "Psalm of David" (see link below) - many people believe that King David wrote these psalms. Some people believe that King David was inspired by God to write them - that could be what your teacher means by "authors." Others believe that the psalms were written by members of King David's court, so that could also be what your teacher means by "authors." Finally, since the book of Psalms in general is usually attributed to Kings David and Solomon, your teacher could have the two of them in mind as "authors," even though this particular section is attributed to David.
The anthology is the Bible, and the book is Psalms.
I don't know who James Kennedy is, but hopefully your teacher has given you a source to look for the answers to those questions.
How would relatives of British men executed for cowardice in WW1 be notified?
A list of 306 men Shot at Dawn can be found here:-
It is important to note that these were compiled and published by the War Office as long ago as 1922. In the period 4 August 1914 to 31 March 1920, 3,080 men were sentenced to death by courts-martial under the Army Act.
Only 346 of the sentences were confirmed and carried out, that is 11.23%. In other words, 88.77% of those sentenced to death were reprieved.
Of the 324 British, Dominion and Colonial soldiers executed, ninety-one (28%) were under suspended sentence for a previous offence (including nine under two suspended sentences). Of these ninety-one, forty had been previously sentenced to death (in thirty-eight cases for desertion, in one case for quitting his post and in one case for disobedience). One had been sentenced to death for desertion on two previous occasions. These figures scarcely suggest a harsh and unforgiving system of military justice. They suggest rather a system that could be tough but was usually prepared to give a man another chance.
Of the 346 men executed, the great majority (291, including three officers) were serving in Imperial (i.e. British) Forces; thirty-one were serving in Overseas (i.e. Dominion) Contingents (twenty-five Canadians, one South African and five New Zealanders); five were serving in Colonial Forces; ten were Chinese Coolies; four were Coloured Labourers; and five were Camp Followers.
The great majority of those executed (322) were serving on the Western Front. The peak years for executions were 1916 and 1917.
Contrary to popular belief, very few were executed for cowardice in the face of the enemy: there were a mere eighteen executions for that offense. The great majority were executed for desertion while on active service.
Desertion was defined as the act of a man absenting himself without leave from his unit with the intention of permanently avoiding service. If a man was apprehended out of uniform and/or a considerable time after he had gone absent, this would be strong evidence of an intention never to return. It was also desertion for a man to absent himself with the intention of avoiding some important duty, such as proceeding with his unit overseas, even though he might intend eventually to return to the service. A man was declared a deserter after an absence of twenty-one days; however, if a man was apprehended within twenty-one days he could be charged with desertion just the same, if the circumstances suggested intent.
During the Great War desertion was a serious drain on manpower. Yet, remarkably, between the outbreak of war and the end of March 1920 - a period of almost sixty-eight months - only 7,361 courts-martial were held in the field, and only 266 men were executed, for desertion.
In addition to those executed for cowardice or desertion: thirty-seven were executed for murder; seven for quitting their posts; five for disobedience; six for striking or showing violence to superiors; three for mutiny; two for sleeping at their posts; and two for casting away their arms.
After the Armistice, the only executions which took place were for murder.
Contrary to popular belief, few of those executed were callow youths. As far as can be ascertained, the great majority were, in the eyes of the law, mature adults, i.e. over 21.
Sykes and Putkowski estimate that the average age of those executed was mid-twenties. They also estimate that 40% of those executed had been in serious trouble before. They further estimate that (excluding non-combatants) 30% were regulars or reservists; 3% territorials; 40% Kitchener volunteers; 19% Irish, Canadian and New Zealand volunteers; and 9% conscripts.
There was of course no distinction between these groups as far as the Army Act was concerned, although the figures certainly suggest that there was a more indulgent attitude towards those who had not joined the Army, and thus submitted to its discipline, freely.
Of those executed, three were officers: 2nd Lieutenant Poole of the West Yorks; 2nd Lieutenant Paterson of the Essex Regiment; and, most notoriously, Sub Lieutenant Dyett of the Nelson Battalion, Royal Naval Division. Poole and Dyett were executed for desertion; in both their cases the death sentence was confirmed on the grounds that, if a soldier had done what they had done, he would have been executed. Paterson was executed for murdering Sergeant Harold Collison DCM MSM of the GHQ Detective Staff while a deserter.